Early English Printing Found

William Caxton
William Caxton portrait from Library of Congress

For all the history fans out there, a librarian found what is thought to be from one of the oldest printed books created in England. The pages, found in a box in the University of Reading archive, are from a religious book originally printed by William Caxton in the late 1400s. The university press release has more detail on the pages and how they ended up where they were discovered.

Follow the links for some fascinating reading for history buffs and bibliophiles alike.

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Evolving Language

latin LoC Image3
From Library of Congress. Antonio da Rho, O.F.M., Tres Dialogi in Lactantium. (Three dialogues against Lactantius). In Latin. Parchment. Rome. Dedication copy for Pope Eugene IV. ca. 1450

The Oxford English Dictionary, or OED, has a blog about language that I usually find very interesting. I particularly liked this recent entry on how modern speakers change ancient languages. It’s an interesting look at communication between language and how time and technology have changed our perception of many terms and words.

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Secret Libraries

Library of Congress Jefferson Building
Library of Congress Jefferson Building – not a secret library!

Last year, BBC Culture highlighted secret libraries around the world. The libraries had been hidden or restricted for various reasons – religion, politics, or just plain forgetfulness. This piece highlights a few of these libraries in different countries. I’d love to visit some of these!

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Shakespeare’s Contemporaries

Shakespeares Contemporaries
Folger Shakespeare Library photo from LUNA catalog used under CC-BY SA License.


The Folger Shakespeare Library has created a Digital Anthology of Early Modern English Drama to assist readers and researchers around the world. This is a fantastic resource for anyone interested in history, language, or theater will find much to learn and read in this set of resources.

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Literature and History: Jane Austen

East front of the Wentworth Woodhouse from A Complete History of the County of York by Thomas Allen (1828-30) – public domain image


A recent statement from the British Chancellor of the Exchequer caused a bit of a history and literary kerfuffle. In the statement regarding financial aid for historical preservation, the Chancellor said that Wentworth Woodhouse was the inspiration for Jane Austen’s Pemberley in Pride and Prejudice. Almost immediately, the Jane Austen Society put out a statement that Austen had never seen Wentworth Woodhouse and so it couldn’t be the inspiration.

It looks like Jane Austen is still causing mischief and mayhem in the 21st century. And they say romance novels are ephemeral!

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English “Rules”


As an editor, I am a bit of a “word nerd”. I find the history of words and phrases to be fascinating and can often lose myself in the Oxford English Dictionary’s online database for hours at a time reading about first usages and historical changes to meanings. This Book of the Day article in The Guardian reviewing How English Became English by Simon Horobin gives some good examples of the tidbits on usage that I always find interesting. I’ll definitely be reading How English Became English at some point in the future and recommend the OED database for anyone interested in fun facts about the English language. The database is available through many public and academic libraries.

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April and May 2016 TBR Books Read

No, I didn’t fall off the face of the planet 🙂 I clearly dropped the ball on blog posts over the last month for a wide variety of reasons, none of which you care about in the least. But I did do the TBR reading for both April and May! So you get two TBR posts rolled into one.

In April, I needed to run a colleague’s book club while she was on vacation and the book selection was The Witches: Salem 1692 by Stacy Schiff. I thought that worked out perfectly since I had that on my TBR list for nearly a year and it gave me the perfect excuse to read the hefty work of nonfiction. Unfortunately, I was not impressed with this book. It seemed like Schiff couldn’t figure out who her audience was – it’s billed as a book for a general readership but it was written as if an academic audience would be reading it. It felt like a dissertation. This turned out to be the consensus of the book club as well.

A second nonfiction pick from my TBR in April was Murder of a Medici Princess by Caroline Murphy. This was an interesting book featuring Isabella Medici, who was not familiar to me. I like nonfiction about strong, independent women in times when women were basically ignored when they weren’t being bought or sold. Isabella was the definition of independent despite the time she lived in and the husband who eventually murdered her. It was a good read – scholarly but it didn’t read like a textbook.

For my fantasy in April, I read Grave Witch by Kalayna Price. This is an urban fantasy but the plot is driven by a murder mystery. It took me a bit to get into this and the pacing felt a little off to me but overall I did enjoy Grave Witch and read the next couple of books in the series which were good and kept me guessing almost the whole way through.

First Grave on the Right by Darynda Jones – I binge read the first seven books in this series in a week! Because of that I am counting the series as both mystery and romance – because it does an excellent job of balancing both genres throughout. I loved Charley, Reyes, and the secondary characters and found this series compulsively readable. It was a fun and funny urban fantasy with excellent plots, good flow, interesting characters, and solid action. I’ll definitely be reading the rest of this series.

George Washington’s Secret Six: The Spy Ring that Saved the American Revolution by Brian Kilmeade and Don Yeager – I had this book on my TBR since 2014 so when it came up in my library’s ebooks, I went ahead and read it in May. Overall, it was a very good book on a fairly short period during the Revolutionary War and illuminated real people most of us have never heard of despite their contribution to US independence. It was a quick read with plenty of action and engaging prose to keep the reader interested. My one quibble is that the book is nonfiction but there are “conversations” in the text that are fictional. The authors are clear that they did this at the beginning of the book – they don’t pretend the conversations are real – but that’s a slippery slope I’m not at all comfortable with in nonfiction works.

Alanna: The First Adventure by Tamora Pierce – My fantasy pick this month is actually a children’s book. While this specific book was not on my TBR, I’ve had a note to read a Tamora Pierce book on my TBR for a few years so when my colleague recommended this series and handed me the book, I decided to go with it. I’m very glad I did as I enjoyed it a great deal! It’s a fast read and there is some pretty obvious foreshadowing throughout the book but overall, I would definitely recommend it.

Ripped from the Pages by Kate Carlisle – I’ve been reading the Bibliophile mystery series since the first book was published but when they switched over to hardcover from mass market, my reading of each new title was delayed as I waited for the paperback. Ripped from the Pages was published in January of 2015 and it went onto my TBR at that time but the paperback didn’t come out until just last month. While I enjoyed revisiting the characters I’ve grown to love, this book was not as good as others in the series. It was interesting to learn more about Guru Bob’s past and family but the original murder mystery was anticlimactic and the second murder mystery felt rushed.

Ultimate Vengeance by Nancy Haviland – I will admit that using Ultimate Vengeance as my romance read this month in May is cheating a little bit. I will say that it has been on my TBR pile since last year but it was actually only just published on May 31st – and I read it the day it came out! I had been looking forward to this book since I read the third in the Wanted Men series – which I highly recommend! – but I was disappointed to find that Ultimate Vengeance had not been copy-edited AT ALL. The plot, the characters, the pacing, the twists were all classic Wanted Men and it would have been one of the best books I’ve read this year except for all the typos. One or two typos I can ignore, but in the first three chapters alone, I cringed through more than half a dozen and it completely throws me out of the story. I expect better from Haviland and hope that when she publishes the next book in the series, Vex’s story according to her web site, this will not be an issue.

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TBR Challenge March 2016

My TBR challenge reading reflected the craziness of March for me – it, like my life, was all over the place. But I did manage to read something in all four of my categories so here is my March TBR challenge write up.

Hounded by Kevin HearneHounded is my fantasy pick for March and it is the first book in the Iron Druid Chronicles series. I’ve had this on my TBR list for since March 2015 and am glad I read it sooner rather than later. It was a very enjoyable book with a good mix of action and humor. A lot of urban fantasy leans toward the dramatic with moments of humor but Hounded was more humorous with moments of drama. I actually read this during my breaks at jury duty and it was the perfect compliment to the very serious business of a criminal trial. Hearne does an excellent job of creating engaging characters, both with main character Atticus and the various secondary characters such as the villain Angus and Oberon, the dog not the Fae. I also very much enjoyed the blend of 21st century and ancient Druid embodied in the book and in Atticus. I’m looking forward to reading the second book, Hexed, and won’t be waiting a year!

Murder at Longbourn  by Tracy Kiely – I added this literary inspired cozy mystery to my TBR list in 2012 so when I saw it on the shelf at the library, I grabbed it. While peppered with literary allusions – some subtle, some not – it left a great deal to be desired. First, the protagonist, Elizabeth, is just not a great character. She complains about the lack of intelligence in other people but she isn’t particularly smart so the criticism seems unjustifiable. The other characters are hit and miss as well. The murder victim wasn’t even remotely surprising nor was the murderer. I’ve not been having much luck with cozy mysteries lately so I think I might have to go back to historical mysteries for a while despite the sheer volume of cozies on my TBR.

Just before going on jury duty, I had a pretty bad cold and so was home from work for a few days with no energy. My go-to reading when I feel rotten – Romance. So this month I read Beware of Me by Cynthia Eden and When You Dare by Lori Foster, both having been on my TBR pile for quite some time though Foster’s series has definitely been there years longer. Both were solid romantic suspense novels – I expect nothing less from either author – with a wonderful blend of action, drama, and romance.

Beware of Me is a bit of a crossover between Eden’s Dark Obsession series and her Mine series but I don’t think it is necessary to have read all the other books to understand and enjoy this one, though reading the Dark Obsession series in order will allow you to avoid spoilers. I was glad to see Ethan and Carly’s book which is set up in Need Me. The characters are solid, the action is well paced, and the chemistry is hot – a perfect romantic suspense trifecta. Eden’s romantic suspense books tend to be a touch shorter than average but I think this might just be a trend in publishing overall and not necessarily specific to her.

When You Dare is the first book in the Men Who Walk the Edge of Honor series and features Dare Macintosh and his accidental rescue of Molly Alexander from a Mexican human trafficking gang. It’s an excellent set up and I loved the strength of both characters as well as the slow journey to trust and emotional involvement. The secondary characters were hit or miss – some were well rounded and fully realized while others seemed a bit too caricatural. While I enjoyed the book overall and will definitely be reading more in the series, the ending did feel a little rushed and the reveal of the antagonist was a little anticlimactic.

The Tigress of Forli by Elizabeth Lev – My nonfiction read from the TBR pile this month was The Tigress of Forli: Renaissance Italy’s Most Courageous and Notorious Countess, Caterina Riario Sforza de Medici. This has been on my TBR list since 2011 so it was about time I went ahead and read it. Caterina is not a well known historical figure outside the experts in that time and place but I thought she was very interesting. As a woman in a completely male dominated world, she managed to be her own strong, independent person and went head to head with several of the male leaders around her – and often won. The book was well written and gave enough information on the surrounding areas and time period to place Caterina in context but not so much that it overshadowed her as the subject of the book.

The Lady Queen: The Notorious Reign of Joanna I, Queen of Naples, Jerusalem, and Sicily by Nancy Goldstone – Since March is Women’s History month, I decided to do a second nonfiction pick from my TBR list and chose The Lady Queen. Having enjoyed Goldstone’s work before, I knew what to expect from this history book written for the general reader. Joanna was not someone I was familiar with and I found her story to be both interesting and enlightening. Despite threats and violence from her own relatives as well as outside kingdoms – although those were sometimes one and the same – as well as famine, plague, and economic collapse, Joanna retained the right to rule as sole monarch and her policies were better for the stability of her subjects than most other rulers at the time.

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TBR Challenge February 2016

This month’s picks were a little hit or miss for me. Overall, I enjoyed most of the books but there were some things that I didn’t like in each one and one that I really didn’t enjoy. Read on for the fantasy, nonfiction, mystery, and romance choices from my TBR list for February.

Grave Mercy by Robin LaFevers – My fantasy pick for this month, Grave Mercy has been on my TBR list for nearly two years and was highly recommended to me by a couple of library colleagues. Unfortunately, I found myself incredibly disappointed in the book. I rarely read YA and I thought this might be one of very few that I would enjoy. If it had been sold to me as a historical, royal court intrigue novel heavy with romance elements, I would probably have read it and liked it. But it was sold to me as a historical fantasy with a kick ass female assassin who is the daughter of Death and it did not live up to those expectations at all. The female lead, Ismae, is typical of YA that I’ve seen and why I tend to not enjoy this subset of books. She is wishy washy, hormonal, and very easily swayed by a man with a kind word for her. I get why but that is NOT what I want in a female character, even a teenager, and it irritates me.

Miss Marie Corelli: Queen of Victorian Bestsellers by Teresa Ransom – The nonfiction pick this month was recommended to me by an English graduate student who studies Victorian literature, a field I am not well versed in outside the most popular classics. It was an interesting book about a very mysterious figure and I found it quite engaging. However, it seemed to rely a little too much on quotes from Miss Corelli’s books to explain who she was. Were her books reflective of her beliefs? Probably. But they were also works of fiction so relying on them to create a biography of the author is not the best practice in terms of historical scholarship.

The Arnifour Affair by Gregory Harris – The mystery for this month is another historical set in Victorian London much like last month’s mystery. What can I say – I very much like historical mysteries set in England. The Arnifour Affair has been on my TBR list since April of last year so when the digital version was available at the library, I saw it as a sign that I should dive in this month. The first book in a series, The Arnifour Affair is very much a Sherlock Holmes style Victorian mystery. I enjoyed it and I figured out who the murderer was at the same time as Colin, the Sherlockian hero. My only issue with the book is that it pretty obviously betrays its 21st century sensibilities rather than being true to the era it is supposedly set in.

Rocky by Bianca D’Arc – I bought this in August 2013 right after I had binge read the first six Brotherhood of Blood books. D’Arc has several series that are cross-connected and Rocky falls into her Tales of the Were series which is connected to Brotherhood of the Blood and Redstone Clan books, as well as her more recent Grizzly Cove books. You don’t have to read all the series to understand what is happening but I highly recommend reading the series of interest in order to avoid confusion. Rocky is a grizzly shifter who lives in a wolf pack territory and serves as Lieutenant to the Lords of the Were, the alphas of all weres in North America. When his childhood human friend Maggie shows up while in labor with shifter twins and on the run from the overarching evil of the three series. I did enjoy Rocky but not as much as I liked the books in the Brotherhood series.

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Historical Public Domain Images


The British Library posted over 1 million public domain images to Flickr. These images can be reused for free – although credit should always be given – and there are some great images in this collection. For authors of historical fiction and for cover designers, this could be a treasure trove of images for research and use.

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